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Over 90% of Kyrgyzstan surface area is above 1500 m, of unspoiled nature and primordial beauty of towering mountains, which give Kyrgyzstan more than 28 thousand rivulets, sparkling streams and lucid brooks. There are 1923 large and small lakes in the Republic but largest and best known is Issyk-Kul lake.
Places to visit:
78 km South-East of Bishkek located Issyk-Ata valley and spa complex based on local sulphur hot springs known since 2-3 centuried A.D. The hot springs also give the hot water to 3 public outdoor swimming pools built on the hill over the valley.
Upstream Issyk-Ata river (30 minutes hike) there are 10 m waterfall and ancient place of worship and piligrimage - Buddha inscription carved on the face of the boulder by ancient people in 10th century. Further up the valley there are 3 alpine lakes which lie in a full day distance from the end of the road. Also from here start trekking routes to Alamedin valley and some other neighboring ravines.
The upper grounds of the valley are used by local shepherds as pastures where they breed their numerous herds of horses, sheep and cows. A hundred meters before the arch - the entrance to spa complex, on the hill over the valley, built 3 concrete outdoor swimming pools - filled with naturally heated sulphur water which comes by tubes from one of 130 known in the area hot springs. The water is over 30 degrees so it is possible to swim even on coldest days.
It is well advised to stay in water no more than 10-15 minutes, as longer staying may affect negative influence on one's heart.
Enclosed on all sides by the snowy peaks of the Tien Shan Mountains, lake Issyk-Kul literally meaning “hot lake” is said to be the world’s second-largest alpine lake or second highest navigable lake in the world after lake Titicaca in South America, the lake never freezes even in the depths of winter due to some thermal activity, strong winds, physics of deep water and unique microclimate over the lake.
Measuring 180 km long by 60 km across the lake presently is about 700 metres deep at it’s deepest and sits 1600 metres above sea level. In lake flows 118 large and small rivers, but there is no streams flowing out of the lake. That is why the water is slightly salty. The lake's water consist of 10 billion tonns of different salts, but there is 5 times less salt then in Oceanic water what is right enough for keeping the lake clean and very comfortable for swimming.
Called "The Pearl of Central Asia" the lake changes colour depending on day time and sun position, from pale green to turquoise blue. The crystal clear water has so exceptional blue color, 3-4 times more saturated by color then Geneva lake in Switzerland. The one would be astonished with it's size and scenary of huge celestial snowcaped mountan peaks shining from across - in fact one of the most beautiful landscapes in the world. The area around the lake is well known for its beautiful sandy shores among locals and people from Kazakhstan and Russia, most of the resorts and hotels are on the north shore of the lake; the area between here and Almaty in Kazakhstan is excellent trekking territory. Also there are many great valleys with number of trekking/climbing/walking possibilities on the southeast part of Issyk-Kul area.
Jety-Oguz – balneal-climatic resort is located on the north slot of Terskey Ala-Too, in Jety-Oguz gorge. At an altitude of 2200 meters above sea level, by Jety-Oguz rocks in a Jety-Oguz river valley, in the most pictorial place with coniferous woods, at 28 km distant from town Karakol and 329 km distant from Bishkek.
The resort location, which is in the south of the average widths, leads to a big deal of hours of sun radiance, high sun irradiation voltage, enriching with ultraviolet rays, making less dusty, high air ionizing. The year sum of sun radiance is 1828 hours. The atmosphere pressure is low - 602 mm. mercury pole. In the summer the average month air temperature is +13-15ºC, in the winter - the coldest temperature compare with others resorts Kyrgyzstan.
It was built in 1931. Since 1965 the resort works all year. There are 300 rests for treatment. There is an access to 2-3 person rooms with beds ands conveniences. The existence of unique thermal waters with content of radon made this resort as climatic-balneal.
The mineral waters are valued with their curative characteristic. The water temperature is 25-42ºC. The water is not salty, without smell and taste. It consists of bromine, iodine, manganese, nickel, lead, zinc, aluminum, chalk, copper, biological active component-radon.
There is mud therapy specializing hospital, mineral baths, curative food buffet.
The basic curative factors are thermal waters, which are weakly and midly mineralized, also waters of chloride-natrium-calcium composition. The main feature of these mineral waters is high content of radon and doesn’t have any competition in the world. There are also some curative ooze mud form Jergalan field, electro-light treatment, subsurface shower-massage, gynecological watering, curative exercises, swimming pool massage.
Recommendations to the treatment of next diseases: supporting-motion system, bone-muscles system, gynecological and skin cases. The water from a wellspring № 6 is used for treatment of stomach cases. Some baths, shower, mud, massage, acupuncture, curative gymnastic, some outdoors, terrenkur, tourism are used for treatment too. The term of treatment is 10-20 days. There is a cinema, a library, a pool. The local people call this place as Beirek (buds).
Djalal-Abad is famous for its spas. There is a legend that the water from the Hozret-Ayub-Paigambar spa cured lepers. According to the legend there was a grave, a mosque and the khan's palace near the spa. The Djalal Abad sanatoria, “Kurort”, is based on one of the spas on one of the hills overlooking the town – the waters are salty, but people from a wide area to collect bottles of it. Near the entrance to the Kurort (the health resort) is a cafe with a fine view over the town – the "Ikram-Ajy" Panorama, at a height of 1000 meters , with a complex that consists of a “national crafts hall”, souvenir shop and an entertainment hall –from here you can appreciate how green the city is, as the trees rise above the low-rise building. The spas are also the source for several different brands of mineral water.